Right to the Environment and Climate Justice Save the planet: The Right and Duty for Sustainable Development
Because nature provides mankind with the necessary services to their life, health and safety (oxygen to breathe, water to drink, food to meet their needs, light and wind to produce energy, materials to build habitat etc.), the right to the environment is at the source and upstream of all rights.
Unfortunately, despite the importance of the natural environment, the lifestyle adopted by developed countries, which tends to become predominant in most human communities around the world, is a mode that is based on the paradigm of economic growth through the rapid and simultaneous increases in the production and consumption of all goods. This paradigm is reflected in practice by over-exploitation of natural resources, degradation of their quality, and the production of various unbearable waste by the planet. The volume and quality of services provided by nature to mankind are thus increasingly weakened.
Mankind has been aware for decades of the danger and threat generated by this way of life and has sought to replace it, especially since the Rio Summit in 1992, with the new concepts of sustainable development, harmoniously combining economic growth, human development and environmental protection.
The WFHR is held in a context that is unfortunately very difficult for mankind and highly detrimental to its future development or sustainability. Indeed, despite the efforts of international organizations and individual states to promote sustainable development, the results fall far short of the challenges and targeted objectives, despite the summits and Conferences of the Parties (COP) held, signed agreements, programs and reports, etc. As evidenced also by the post-Rio Summit (Copenhagen, Beijing, Cairo, Rio +10, Rio +20), follow-up meetings of the Rio Conventions, recommendations on Climate Change in Kyoto, Bali, Copenhagen, Durban ... and on biodiversity in Cartagena, Nagoya, etc.
How to overcome the constraints of this unfavorable context, escape the impasse and mobilize all the international community to promote the right to sustainable development? This thematic forum aims to contribute to the discussion and formulation of strong answers to this important and complex issue.
The main issues proposed for discussion are:
With regard to climate change, emissions of greenhouse gases continue their upward trend, causing more warming and very negative impacts on development and the security of populations, particularly due to natural disasters (more frequent, more severe, and more diversified), melting glaciers and rising sea levels, and coastal erosion.
The challenge in this regard is to intensify all efforts to fight against climate change, especially through the development of renewable energy and the enhancement of energy efficiency actions.
The increasing scarcity of water availability and its quality degradation makes it no longer possible to satisfy all the needs of the global population. How to generalize the techniques of collecting, storing and saving water, sewage and wastewater recycling, and encourage programs of desalination of sea water?
Whether in terrestrial or marine environments, degradation of eco systemic and generic forms of biodiversity prevents it from meeting, as it did in the past, the needs of the population. We are all invited to ensure the protection, intensification and sustainability of our biodiversity (including apiculture) to curb the spread of desertification and fight hunger in the world, particularly through models of family farming and responsible fishing.
The abusive use of chemicals and the proliferation of all forms of waste -that the planet can no longer degrade naturally- affect health; How to encourage all forms of reduced production, recycling, reuse and, if necessary, their removal to minimize the impact on the environment?
Faced with the deterioration of human values ??and socio-cultural attitudes respectful of the environment, it is necessary to stimulate all initiatives permitting to meet the challenges identified, particularly through the extension of environmental culture, eco-citizenship, tying laws to obligations, solidarity, scientific research, training, information, awareness, advocacy, etc.
The primary role of economic stakeholders, who continue to over-exploit and pollute natural resources, should also be discussed, in order to convince them and eventually force them to integrate the environmental component in their activities; the use of economic and financial instruments can be a valuable tool for this purpose.
Given the poor performance of most of the relevant international organizations and countries to promote sustainable development, it is necessary to identify the most relevant leads that could lead to a more efficient governance and consideration of the issue of climate refugees.
The thematic forum is also expected to address some specific issues to the Mediterranean region and Morocco.
With regards to the Mediterranean region, considering its natural characteristics and its sensitivity to climate change, particular vigilance is required, particularly in terms of preventing overexploitation of biodiversity and pollution of the sea, tourism management, and the introduction of Mediterranean partnerships for better governance of the area.
As to Morocco, given its natural and human characteristics, particular attention is to be paid to land zoning and rural development, the fight against desertification, the exploitation of shale, as well as improved environmental governance through regionalization and the fight against harmful disparities hindering sustainable development.
This thematic forum is suggested by the Water and Energy for All Association (AEEPT), the Ribat Al Fath Association for Sustainable Development (AEFDD) the Bouregreg Association (AB), the Moroccan Club for Education and Environmental Protection (CMEPE), the Association for World Water Contract (ACME), the Moroccan Association of Waste and Environment Experts (AMEDE), the Association of Friends of the Forest and Littoral Harhoura (AFLH), the Moroccan Forum for Environmental Initiatives of Fez (FMIE) and (WWF).